Sunday, March 16, 2014

Fairy List: O - S

Fairy List

A-C      D-F      G-J     K-N      O-S      T-Z

Oak Tree Spirit (England)
The fairy of an Oak Tree offers a man three wishes if he agrees not to cut down his tree. Old Lady of the Elder Tree

Obariyon (Japan)
A strange almost shapeless creature which haunts lonely paths where it jumps on peoples backs and slowly increases it weight. If the person happens to know magic or can find someone who does they can remove the Obariyon and it will turn into gold.

Ogre, Orco, Hepol Huorco (France and Italy)
Likely a perversion of the idea of Orcus, the Roman deity of the underworld he is pictured as black, hair, bristly but of great stature. In Germanic tales he is simply called the Devil.

Okami (Japan) (Kami)
Wolves have many powers in Japanese legend and with all such beings can be helpful or dangerous. Further wolves can enshrined, as they were at the Mitsumine Shrine and the Musashi Mitake Shrine. In rural areas people ask the wolves to protect them from wild beasts and provide them with rich harvests. In urban areas people ask them to help them avoid thieves. They can also be the Villain's in many fairy tales.

Old Shock (Britain)
I a mischievous goblin in the shape of a great dog or calf, haunting highways and footpaths after dark. Those who are so foolhardy as to encounter the beast are sure to be thrown down and severely bruised.

Omukade (Japan)
A giant centipede which torments many Kami including a female mountain kami and the dragon kami of a large lake. With centipedes being so unclean it was difficult for the kami to deal with them and so they asked a human archer to help them in both cases. 

Ongon (Mongolia)
A Shamans helper spirits. In some cases they were believed to be the spirit of shamans who have died, they can be consecrated in idols within three years of the shamans death and placed in the home or in the wilderness. They are often placed at the borders between taiga and steppe, the mouths of rivers or other important places.  

Ongon Mod or Ezetei (Mongolia)
Trees which stand in special places such as mountain passes, near springs, and so forth.

Oni (Japan)
Powerful evil spirits which bring bad luck, steal peoples souls, and at times act a little like ogres.

Orang Bunian (Indonesia)
Human like spirits which live in wilderness areas.

Orth (Komi)
A spirit double that appears when a human is first born and accompanies them to their death. They exist outside the body, though the person couldn't see them. Those few who did see them saw them as doing the same thing as their master. They would often appear as a woman in a yellow dress, though they had other human forms.
The orth would try to warn his master of danger, and especially of death. Those who listened to their orth would obtain happiness.

Osh (Komi)
Bears were the powerful kings of the forest in Komi mythology, they had the shamanistic power of transformation and could at times turn into a person. Originally a deity in the sky he came to earth because of his love of earth food, but once he ate here he could not return. It was Osh got the deities to give humans their thumbs, even though it meant that he might be hunted by humans. Further Osh made the swamps, mountains, valleys, and so forth by scratching the flat earth. Though clearly good black bears were also symbols of death.
In addition to food, Osh loved human woman and would sometimes take them to live with him. 

Otoroshi (Japan)
A guardian of the kami which hangs from the torii gates and attacks wicked men who try to enter. The Otoroshi looks a lot like a shaggy ogre with a single long strand of black hair hanging over his face.

Otso (Finland)
Was the spirit of the bear which was considered to be the forest king and was often referred to as being related (brother, uncle, cousin, etc) in order to avoid saying his name directly.

Otsoor (Mongolia)
Spirits which remain on earth

Oude Rode Ogen (Netherlands)
A boogie man figure who appears in black with fiery red eyes. He can appear as a seven foot long man or a large dog. He is a cannibalistic shapeshifter. 

Ouni (Japan)
A mountain hag who is covered in long hair. She has has an extremely large mouth and is able to spin yarn in her mouth and can disappear at will. She is typically a helpful being.

Ovinnik (Russian)
Dangerous spirit of the grain house

Is a terrible boggart with saucer-eyes, and dragging clanking chains ; or it takes the form of a large sheep or dog walking beside you, making a soft noise pad, pad, pad with its feet. It always portends disaster.

Pari Pari (Malaysia)
A forest spirit which appears like a human and which has a human like society. Pari Pari have magical powers which they use to cause mischief, heal illness or provide wealth to people.

Pasu Perke (Mari-El)
A form of field spirit or blessing which cause the gropes to grow well. The pasu perke can be stolen by another mari who has a poor harvest at which point the person who’s pasu perke has been taken will then seek to take another one by putting a little dirt from someone else's field in his shoe and dragging it by the shoelace back to his own field where he prays to the pasu perke asking it to stay.

Pechs (Scotland)
Small but incredibly strong fairies. 

Peg Prowler
A female water fairy which seeks to drown people and at times will steal animals.

Pellings (Welsh Fairy) (Welsh Fairy)
A tribe of half-Fairies who are descended from Penelope 

Pelesit (Malaysia)
A spirit protector which can also be used as a weapon to harm others. 

Penanggalan (Malaysia)
A woman who could split their torso in half to send the top half flying around. When they did this their blood would drip from the sky and cause soars on anyone touched by it. The Penangglan will usually keep vinegar in order to help put themselves back together. They tend to suck the blood of woman in order to maintain their beauty, kill enemies or do other similar sorts of things. 

Perchten (Swiss)
Followers of Berchta who wear animal masks.

Perelesnyk (Ukraine)
A spirit which can take the form of a deceased love one, (possibly the personification of regret). They may also take on the form of a person in order to trick a woman into believing that they are their husband. They can have children with humans though such children are weak and have an insatiable appetite. Other times they can also be a blood sucking being or can take the form of a serpent. It is almost impossible to get rid of it.

Perkūnas (Lithuania)
The lord of thunder and perhaps the most important deity to the Lithuanians (As thunder is to nearly all Indo-Europeans) As the thunder god he would hurl stone axes  and arrows which lent power to the goddess of fertility allowing the crops to grow. The thunder god also ended droughts which were caused by dragons, and kills dragons which cause floods as well. 
In ancient times he could be depicted by a pair of rams, a giant eagle, or a horse with wings. Later he was often depicted as an old man with a crown made from cherry blossoms. Still elsewhere he might be depicted as a blacksmith dressed in green with a red hat.

Perry Dancers (Suffolk)
The Northern Lights

Pesanta (Catalan)
A giant cat or dog which goes into peoples homes and night, where it lays on their chests making it difficult for them to breath and causing nightmares. 

Phooka (Puck)
A mischievous Shape Changer. 

Peix Nicolau (Catalan)
A merman type creature

Phi Am (Thai)
A ghost which sits on sleeping peoples chest or liver.

Phi Ban (Laos)
Connected to fertility and the well being of a community. They are the protectors of the fields, forests, water ways and so forth that make up an area. Typically phi ban appear as a married couple and are likely the spirits of the first couple to settle an area.

Phi Chamb (Thai)
The mostly harmless spirit of a woman who died in the jungle.

Phi Duat Leut (Thai)
A vampiric spirit

Phi Khamod (Thai)
A will o the wisp type spirit which glows red.

Phi Krasue (Thai)
A spirit which often appears as a beautiful woman's head with intestines dangling from her neck. They would often tie a black ribbon around their head and nick to protect themselves from the sunshine. She would hypnotize people so that they couldn't move, allowing them to devour the person. They preferred to go after pregnant woman, the closer to giving the birth the better. 

Phi Fa (Laos)
Spirits of the celestial world

Phi Fa (Thai)
A spirit which causes illness and disasters. People would use rituals and offerings to try to please her. 

Phi Ha (Thai)
A dangerous spirit of a woman who died in child birth and has turned her regret into rage.

Phi Hai (Laos)
Spirits of fields

Phi Na (Laos)
Spirits of the rice paddy which will often attack people. Because of this farmers often set up shrines to them in order to make them offerings  before they plow the field, in order to appease them. 

Phi Nang Tani (Thai)
A spirit of the banana tree which appears as a beautiful woman. They will provide people with food.

Phi Pa (Laos)
Forest spirits.

Phi Pa (Thai)
A forest spirit to whom hunters leave part of their catch (Lip, eye lid, foot, or some other part). 

Phi Pay (Laos)
Dangerous spirits of woman who died in childbirth.

Phi Pop (Thai)
A female spirit which will often devour people's intestines in an attempt to find a body to possess.

Phi Puta (Laos)
The protectors of a village

Phi Sia (Laos)
Ancestral spirits which live within the pilars of a house and protect the households members, protecting their decedents from malevolent spirits while also providing them with luck.

Pho Sop (Thai)
The Siamese Rice goddess who appears as a beautiful woman wearing a red dress and full jewelry. She is always associated in some ways with rice sheafs

Phi Tay Hong (Thai)
The spirit of someone who died of unnatural causes. They possess those who have offended them. This can be prevented with an offering or by causing pain (often in the form of whipping) to the person they've possessed

Phi Thaen (Laos)
spirits of the sky

Phi Thiaowada (Laos)
Protectors of the family.

Phi Tonmai (Thai)
Spirits which live in trees, such spirits could be helpful or dangerous. The trees which were believed to be inhabited by important or powerful spirits would have cloth wrapped around them to show that a spiritual being resided within.

Phi Tonmai (Laos)
The spirits of trees.

Phra Bhum Jowthee (Thai)
Guardian spirits of the land. Such spirit houses can be built for the spirits of people who have died as well. 

Phra Bhum Jowthee of the home (Thai)
The guardian spirit of a household, people will often pray to them for advice and protection. Further many homes provide them with a small San Phra Phum. These spirits also help with business matters, aiding people in making more money.

Phra Bhum Jowthee Waters (Thai) 

Phra Bhum Jowthee Gardens (Thai)
The protector of nature and by extension gardens. Many gardens will have a small San Phra Phum built for this spirit.

Phra Bhum Jowthee of Gates and Stairwells (Thai)
The protector of the entrances of places, which is believed to live within the doorstep of homes. 

Phra Bhum Jowthee Animals (Thai)
A spirit protector of animals.

Phra Bhum Jowthee Temples (Thai)

Phra Bhum Jowthee Military Bases (Thai)

Phra Bhum Jowthee of barns and food storage (Thai)
A guardian spirit of places where people store their food.

Phra Bhum Jowthee Mountains, Forests, fields, and rice paddies (Thai)
Interestingly enough the protector of wilderness forests and mountains is also the protector of farms.

Pied Piper of Franchville
The Pied Piper is likely some form of fairy teaching a morality lesson, what's more he leads the children into fairyland.

Pihlajatar (Finland)
(Rowan) the tinny lass who will help herd cattle.

Another name for Will o the Wisp

Pinneys (Finland)
Protects animals from the hunters, directing game animals away from danger.

Pisgies (Cornish)
Another name for Pixies.

Pixies (Cornish)
Mischievous and often small fairies

Plant Annwn  (Welsh Fairy)
Beautiful lake fairies which have been compared to nymphs

Pocong (Indonesia)
A ghost with green faces and empty eyes. 

Poludnitsa (Russia)
Dangerous spirit of midday which kills and torments farm workers.

Polevoy (Slavic)
A spirit which lives in the field and appears as a white bearded old man. He will attack people who work in the field at noon. Very odd he would ask for people to wipe snot on his beard, if someone refused to do this he would curse them. If someone did so he would disappear leaving the person with silver coins in his hands. 

Polewik (Poland)
A small male spirit of the fields with grain for his hair. They are typically encountered at noon and sunset, he would trample those who were asleep and was dangerous to drunk people who encountered him. During harvest time the polwik fled the blades and sickles until he finally came to be in the last sheaf of grain, which was put into a box in the corner of a barn until the spring when he was released back into the fields.

Północnica (Poland)
A form of Rusalka.

Polong (Malaysia)
Spirits which are enslaved by people, most often to harm others.

Poludnica (Poland)
The souls of woman who died during or soon after their wedding, they appeared as beautiful women with transparent dresses or shaggy old woman. They attack people who remain in the field during noon time. Thus most farmers went home during the noon hour. Often times they would ask people a riddle, if the person didn't solve it the poludnica would tickle the person to death. They are lovers of fun and will dance all day at times. In addition it was said that they would kidnap children, or cause whirl winds. 

Poroniec (Poland)
Soul of aborted fetuses, a child born dead, or a baby killed by their mother shortly after birth. Their unrealized potential life manifests as strength making them very powerful and dangerous spirits. Still borns who were buried under the threshold would become good spirits called Kłobuk. The Kłobuk often assumed the form of soaking wet chicken, a duck, goose, magpie, crow, cat or humans. He would help his family through life, though he often did so by robbing the neighbors.

Portunes (English)
Tiny fairy of the farm

Poświst (Poland)
The spirits of the wind and whirlwinds they drove storm clouds. Often positive they also helped lift peoples spirits according to one folk song.

Potercha (Ukraine)
Spirits of dead children who's voices sound like that of a frog. They fly around with regret and are often tormented by other spirits. They can take the form of an owl or stork, or may act as the will o' the wisp leading people into swamps as flashing lights.

Pövsin (Komi)
A strong one eyed forest which who lived with a bear. She was a spiritual master of the water and the forest and had power over each element as well as life or death. Allowing her to bring people back from the dead.

Pricolici (Romania)
A werewolf or vampire, they are undead souls who can turn into wolves.

Puaka (Malaysia)
Spirits which roam around in bad weather and cause damage to human property.

Mischievous fairy

Puntianak (Malaysia)
The spirit of woman who died will pregnant. They appeared as lonely beautiful woman who would attack people on deserted streets in order to devour them.

Rafusen (Japan)
The spirits of palm trees, they appear as a beautiful smelling and looking young woman who live high in the mountains. For those whom they allow to see the truth of things their tree looks like a beautiful house in which they might help travelers caught in a snow storm.

Woman with magical powers who lived in the forest and could obscure the sun as they flew through the air. In many tales they were cannibalistic  seeking after adults and children and even baking boys into pies. 
The witches also often took the form of toads which could grow wings in order to fly through the air. Ad toads they would suck the milk from cows, or even kill them with their deadly poisonous bite. 

Rarog (Russia)
Monster which can take the form of a dwarf, whirlwind or hawk.

Ratchets, Gabble Raches, or Gabriel's Hounds (n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Stf. Der.) are specter dogs whose yelping cry may be heard at dead of night, or in the early morning, what time the collier goes to his work in the pits, a warning of death to the hearer or to some one among his kinsfolk and acquaintance. Their leader Gabriel is condemned to follow his hounds at night, high in the upper air, till doomsday, for the sin of having hunted on Sunday.

Ristikko (Finland)
IN charge of animals with a white cross on their breast. Often small and furry such as ermine and weasel.

Rawhead and Bloody Bones
The boggart of the ponds is a masculine water- demon called Rawhead, Tommy Rawhead (w.Yks.), Bloody-bones (Lan.), or Rawhead and Bloody-bones, e. g. Keep away from the marl-pit or rawhead and bloody-bones will have you. 

Goblins that infest the ruins.

Roane (Scotland)
A gentle form of seilkie.

Rokitnik (Poland)
A mischievous spirit which causes the winds. He was at times imagined as a human figure with bat wings. 

Roggemoeder (Netherlands)
The Dutch name for the rye mother.

Roggenmohme, Larvenshcopper, Preinscheuhen (Germany)
The spirit of the grain fields who appears with long black teats, or iron teats. She kidnaps children and occasionally tries to suckle babies, but those she does will likely die. Originally she was a little more sociable and helped make good harvests. She is also some form of household fairy for she plays tricks on those who have not spun their distaffs clear on the Twelve Days of Christmas.

Rooster (Komi)
Rooster were believed to have many magical powers within Kimi mythology. They could reach all areas of the universe, much like a shaman did, including the realm under the water, and the celestial world (passing through fire without hurting himself). The rooster was considered to be one of the first birds created in the beginning of the world. 
The rooster was also a guardian against evil forces, for when they crowed evil lost it's power.  Further they would use their powers to warn people of danger.

Rugių boba (Lithuania)
The last cut rye or wheat sheaf in the field. Typically imagined and female and often portrayed as a motherly figure to which chickens might be sacrificed.

Rumpelstiltskin (German)
The famous character is in truth very different from what you think, but to understand him similar tales with the same being have to be studied.

Rusalka (Russia)
Spirits of the rivers and lakes which will tickle people to death.

Ryujin (Japan) (Kami)
A dragon who is the kami of the sea.

San Phra Phum (Thai)
Spirit houses, they are tiny buildings which are placed on a small table outside them on which offerings can be placed, such offerings include garlands of flowers and or food.  It was believed that building a house or other building could disturb the spirits of an area so spirit houses were built as well in order to placate the spirits.
Spirits are usually neither good or evil exactly, rather they are overly emotional and or mischievous. Highly emotional they get upset if they don't get their way or fi something changes to fast and they are not given appeasement. 

Sânziana (Romania)
Gentle fairies who can act as tricksters but are typically portrayed as kind.

Samca (Romania)
Ugly evils shape changing spirits which act as sort of a female boogie man.

Samodivas (Russia)
Woodland Fairy

Sarimanok (Philippines)
A magical bird which if captured will bring a person luck.

Scantlie Mab
A spinning fairy (Read the Fairy Tale)

Scazzamurrieddhru (Italy)
A little old man who dresses in tobacco colored clothing and always wears a hat on his head. He sits on the chests of those who are sleeping making them sleep restlessly. They repay kindnesses done to them with gold coins or by pointing their benefactor to a hidden treasure. If you can steal his hat he must also point you to treasure. 
The Scazzamurrieddhru will appear to those going into the cemetery at night. Those doing so however are attacked by the Scazzamurrieddhru who will jump on the persons chest causing them to laugh uncontrollably until they die.

A fox who steals from a castle owned by three bears.

Scrat, Waltschrat (Germany)
A shaggy wood elf. It is about the size of a child, as light as the wind, are always male and in some cases can appear as a butterfly. Every house has a schrezlein and if it is fostered he can being luck, he rides the cattle to drive them where they need to be and helps prepare the table. They appear to be wild and rough a bit like fauns, though they are primarily mentioned as house fairies. Although scrats are social towards humans they never appear in groups. Jacob Grimm speculated that their opposite is the wood wives. He also notes that  in the 6th and 7th centuries they must have been worshiped for their were trees and temples dedicated to them.

Seelie Court (Scotland)
The court of light fairies

Šeimės dievas (Lithuania)
The deity of an individual family, a form of hearth deity to which chickens were sacrificed by throwing them into the fire place until they had burned down.

Selkies  (Scotland)
Fairies which appear human but can turn into seals by putting on a magical skin.

Silky (Britain)
A female spirit which haunts stretches of road and can appear with in blinding light.

Siluman (Indonesia)
Delicate creatures that live in communities much like humans, only they are invisible to most humans. 

Sirenuca (Spain)
A beatiful young girl who was turned into a mermaid by her mothers curse.

Sirin (Russia)
Head and chest of a beautiful women but the body of a bird. It sings for those pure of heart, a song which kills those not so pure.

Siyokoy (Philippines)
Green scaled humanoids with webbed hands and feed, with fins all over their body. They might also have tentacles with which they drown people and eat them.

Sharash Taiga (Thvinian)
A protective spirit which is referred to as 'twin headed with many snow covered caps.' Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits

Shefro (Irish)
The, or gregarious fairy of Ireland wears foxglove bells on head

A shell wearing water fairy. 

Sheva (Komi)
The Personification of illness, they took the form of animals and objects (beetles, mice, birds, worms, grubs, hair, thread, lizards, a speck of dust, among other things) or of a little man. It did this in order to try to get inside people, often through their food, thus they carefully examined their food before eating it. 
Sometimes such beings were made by witches or evil wizards who would put them on food or at cross-roads in order to curse a passing person, where it would follow them to their homes.

Shikigami (Japan)
An animated paper doll which can take on the appearance of a human or invisible familiars for witches and wizards which appear as little oni. Like many Japanese familiars they could be asked by their master to possess someone causing them to become ill and even die. Though they were typically used to perform basic choirs (cleaning, gardening, etc). 

Shishiga (Komi)
A woman who was seen sitting on the banks of her river combing her long black hair. Those who saw her were soon to drown. She would also carry off children who wen to close to the fast moving water.

Shriker (Yorkshire)
Skriker is an apparition portending death. It wanders about in the woods by night uttering loud, piercing shrieks, its form being then invisible. At other times it takes visible shape as a large dog, with 
enormous feet and shaggy hair, and the usual saucer-eyes. When walking, its feet make a splashing noise, as of a person in old shoes walking in soft mud ; hence it is also known by the name of Trash, for to trash signifies to walk wearily through wet and mire, and trashes are worn-out shoes. 

Shubin (Ukraine)
Spirits which haunt mines.

Shulmusy (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as 'My moon and sun.'

Shuvgey (Komi)
They were dangerous spirits which would substitute babies for sickly changelings. In order to prevent this people would put needles, scissors, bread and salt near the baby. Other times they would appear as dancers, revelers calling to a child, should the child give them their hand the child will be under the Shuvgeya's power forever. Further the Shuvgeya often existed in spaces which acted as a bridge between the spirit world and the human world. Such spaces included bridges, barns, the forests and the bath house. It was dangerous for a child to enter any of these alone or they might be taken. 
They would also carry away adults in the form of a whirlwind. They would also cause epilepsy, especially in those who disrespected their holidays. In addition to taking people they often sought to mate with them, taking on the form of a recently deceased loved one, or as a beautiful woman in order to lure people further into the woods.
 In order to protect oneself from a Shuvgey a person would wear a silk thread tied around the waste, and certain crystals which could be worn in a bag on the chest.

Sigeminne (Spain)
A Queen of the wood wives who is enthroned upon a giant rock. She is at first covered in hair when she carries a man off to her land, but she eventully takes this off and becomes beautiful, as her name means "fairest in the land."

Sjörået (Nordic)
A water spirit which is very seductive in the front but which has a hollow back. She uses her beauty to hunt for single men who live near the like, where she delights in clombing her long flowing hair. To protect oneself one could use a sharp iron or steel knife as she could not stand the presence of these. 
They would also sometimes herd their own cattle.
Those who shared their lunch with the Sjörået would be given great luck by her, which can be understood as a remnant sacrifice to her. In one tale a fisherman gives a Sjörået his gloves and so is warned when storms are coming.

Skarbnik (Poland)
Spirits which lived underground and acted as guardians of the earth's natural resources. He was the master of the underground realm and would take the souls fo the miners who died while working. But he was also generally favorable as he warned of impending flooding, fire, cave ins. He did not like those who were lazy or unreliable. He typically appeared as an old man with a bird and a lamp in his hand but he could also take the form of a goat, horse, dog, mouse, frog, spider, flea, or be invisible. Though people could feel their presence or hear them knocking on the walls of the mine. 

Solomonars (Romania)
A congregation of wizards who are linked to the Dacian priests of the pre-Roman era. Those who become Solomonars are taken to forest caves to learn secrets such as the ability to summon and ride a dragon, control weather, and such forth.

The name of a little fairy child that lives with some humans for a short time.

Skogsrået (Sweden)
Known as the mistress of the forest and the leader of the wild animals. She leads people in the forests astray and tries to seduce men with her great beauty. However her back is hollow like an old tree. 

Skohsl (German)
A wood sprite who was likely once a higher semi-divine or even divine being. He lived in sacred trees in the forests of Germany.

Skrzak (Poland)
A house spirit which helped take care of the farm and lived in the fire of the fireplace, but he was dangerous for he took his masters soul when he died.

Sleih Beggey (Manx)
A Manx name for the little people

Sluagh (Scotland)
Sluagh, “hosts,” the spirit-world. The “hosts” are the spirits of mortals who have died.... According to one informant, the spirits fly about in great clouds, up and down the face of the world like the starlings, and come back to the scenes of their earthly transgressions. No soul of them is without the clouds of earth, dimming the brightness of the works of God, nor can any win heaven till satisfaction is made for the sins of earth

Small Pox (Even)
Beautiful woman with red hair who would sneak onto peoples sledges and travel with their caravan. Most people could not see her outside of the shamans. When the shaman would try to fight her she would take the form of a giant red bull. If small pox defeated the shaman they would infect and kill the shaman's people.  Because the causer of small pox was such a powerful spirit shamans often ganged up on them when they could.

Specter of the Bloody Hand
Death Portent in the Kinchardines

Spiriduş (Romania)
Creatures similar to sprites)

Spirit of the Yurt (Khakass)
The second offering in a ritual would be made to the spirit owner of the yurt. During rituals these spirits are put up in a high table which is placed in the front corner of a yurt. Mutton and curds and bottles of liquid are placed on the table so that their scent can rise up as an offering for the spirit. In addition nine pieces of clothing were offered on a rope. Further a decorated horse was given to it as a living offering. They would protect the village, help to cure illness

Spor (Poland)
The personification of fertility. He could appear as a hamster, rat, snake, dog, cat or frog. Or he could appear as a man with white curly hair. 

Spriggans (Cornish)
Guardians of the fairy hills

Spunkies (Scottish)
Whenever the traveler had the misfortune to lose his way, or whenever there was a prospect of deluding him from it, this vigilant link-boy was ever at hand, to light him into far worse quarters than even the purlieus of Covent Garden.
"Suddenly the traveler's attention was arrested by the most resplendent light, apparently reflected from a window not far distant, which, however, as the traveler approached, receded from him, like the rainbow. Still pursuing his course towards it, the wily Spunkie maneuvered so dexterously that the unhappy wanderer was speedily decoyed into the nearest morass or precipice. Plunging headlong into some fatal abyss, the deluded victim never returned to his mournful wife and family, to relate to them the Spunkie's perfidy."

Squasc (Italy)
Small, hairy and reddish much like a squirrel without a tale and an anthropomorphic face. They are boogie man type creatures which loves to frighten children, especially young girls.

Stafie (Romania)
The souls of the dead which haunt places in which they lived in life, though they rarely bother with the living other than to scare people by moving objects, making sounds, or occasionally appearing visible for a few moments.

Steppes Spirit (Russia)
Appears as a powerful knight

Stille Volk (German)
Good folk, a reference to fairy like beings. Such beings live in peace with humans, occasionally doing services for them such as smith work, weaving and baking. Many times they will aid men in making newly baked cakes and bread. They also require human help in somethings. For example they use human midwives, they also need humans to help them divide their treasure when there is a dispute. Finally they like to hold their weddings in human homes. 

Stopan (Poland)
Spirit of a distinguished ancestor who helped to take care of the home. He caused bad dreams and disease to those who didn't show respect or were unclean. People would offer sacrifices to him, conducted by the oldest woman in the family who killed a black hen and put its blood in a cavity dug into the ashes of the hearth. They would than bake the chicken and spread it in the corners, than pour wine into the fire saying "Rejoice, Stop, Rejoice."

Strigoi (Romania)
A form of vampire.

Strzyga (Poland)
A vampiric monster which appeared as a female with birds feet (claws). Those born with two souls (two rows of teeth or two hearts or babies born with developed teeth) would leave one soul in the body when they died. This soul would drink blood in order to stay alive. It moved around in the form of an owl at night, often attacking people for wrongs it felt they had committed against it during it's first life. When it couldn't get the blood of humans it could could live off of that of animals for a time.

Stromkarls (Sweden)
Water sprites who are so good at music that they can make benches, cups, sand, old men, and even babies dance. 

Strzyga (Russia)
Vampire which comes from the soul of a person with two souls which can take the form of an owl.

Sudice (Russia)
Fairy which weaves fate

Suksəndal (Mari-El)
a spirit of the mountains or unders the stones or mill but it tends to inhabit the homestead and bathhouse and may appear as a handsome man or a pretty blond girl who is about three feet tall.
The suksəndal attacks those who go into the bathhouse alone at night (going into the bathouse alone is dangerous as the hot steam can cause people to pass out and die which is why this may have come about)
It also steals babies left alon in the house, and to prevent this the Mari mothers will often put scissors or some other iron object in the cradle to ward it off.
They make noises at night to cause people have nightmares. And sometimes has sexual intercourse with those who are dreaming. 
Their bite causes stomachache.
Tales are told of helpful ones, and the Mari will ask them to protect the home and keep out evil.Suld or Usen Fayenga (Mongolia)
An Ancestral spirit which remains on earth forever. This spirit may protect their descendants or contact them to give them advice. Such spirits live within natural places such as trees, springs, rocks, etc.

Sundel Bolong (Indonesia)
Is a ghost of a beautiful woman who wears a long white dress which kidnap children not protected by sharp objects placed near them.

Swan Maiden (German)
Swan maidens are powerful beings, spirits who lead men to victory but who can also be made helpless with the theft of their power to return to the heavens..

An apparition exactly like a living person, and its appearance, whether to that person or to another, is commonly thought an omen of death. These apparitions are called " fetches" throughout the sister island, in Cumberland " swarths," and in Yorkshire